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Estimation of steel reinforcement quantity for concrete slab, footing and column, beams etc. is crucial for the cost evaluation for the construction.Â Design drawings are used as a base for computing rebar quantity in different structural elements. This article presents steel quantity computation process for slabs, columns, and footings.Contents:

**Calculate Steel Quantity for Slab**

- Obtain slab dimension and reinforcement details from design drawings as shown in Fig.1.
- Compute number of steel bars.

**Main Steel Bars**No. of bars= (Slab length(L)/spacing)+1Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Equation 1

**Shrinkage and Temperature Steel BarsÂ**No. of bars= (Slab length(S)/spacing)+1Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Equation 2 In equation 1, center to center spacing of main reinforcement steel bars are used and shrinkage and temperature bar spacing is used in equation 2. 3. Calculate cutting length:

**Main steel barsÂ**Cutting length= clear span(S)+Ld+inclined length+2x45 degree bendÂ Â Â Equation 3

**Shrinkage and Temperature steel barsÂ**Cutting length= clear span(S)+Ld+inclined length+2x45 degree bendÂ Â Â Equation 4 Where: Ld: development length which illustrated in Fig. 2. Inclined length can found from the following expression: Inclined length= 0.45DÂ Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Equation 5 D=slab thickness-2*concrete cover-bar diameterÂ Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Equation 6 3. Convert that length intoÂ kilogramsÂ or tons because steel bars are ordered by weight. The same equation used for both main and shrinkage and temperature reinforcement, but corresponding cutting length, number of bars, and bar diameter is used. Main steel bars=No. of bars*cutting length*weight of the bar (/162)Â Â Â Equation 7 (

^{3}.

**Calculate Steel for Footing**

Size of footing and its reinforcement details (bar size and spacing) shall be known. This can be achieved from design drawings. After that, the following steps will be taken to compute steel quantity.
**calculate the required number of bars for both directions.**

*{(L or w â€“ concrete cover for both sides) Ă· spacing} +1Â Â Â Â Equation 8*where L or W:Â

*length or width of footing*

**Then, find the length of one bar**

*Â or Wâ€“concrete cover for both sides + 2*bend lengthÂ Â Â Equation 9*Where L or W isÂ

*length or width of footing*

- After that, compute the total length of bars which is equal to the number of required bars multiply by the length of one bar. If the same size of bars is used in both directions then you can sum up both quantity of the bars
- Convert that length intoÂ kilogramsÂ orÂ Tons. This can be done by multiplying cross section area of steel by its total length by density of steel which 7850 kg/m
^{3}

**Calculate Steel Quantity for Columns**

Achieve column size and reinforcement detailing from design drawings. Then, compute quantity of steel in the column using the following steps:
**Longitudinal steels**

- Compute total length of longitudinal bars which equal to the column height plus laps for footing multiply number of longitudinal bars.
- Convert that length intoÂ kilogramsÂ orÂ Tons. This can be done by multiplying cross section area of steel by its total length by density of steel which 7850 kg/m
^{3}

**Stirrups**

- Compute cutting length of stirrups using the following equation

^{3}. Total steel quantity of column equal to the sum of both main and stirrup steels.